fascism

fas·cism (făsh’ĭz′əm)
n. 1) often Fascism a) A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, a capitalist economy subject to stringent governmental controls, violent suppression of the opposition, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism. b) A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government. 2) Oppressive, dictatorial control.
[Italian fascismo, from fascio, group, from Late Latin fascium, from Latin fascis, bundle.]
Word History: It is fitting that the name of an authoritarian political movement like Fascism, founded in 1919 by Benito Mussolini, should come from the name of a symbol of authority. The Italian name of the movement, fascismo, is derived from fascio, "bundle, (political) group," but also refers to the movement's emblem, the fasces, a bundle of rods bound around a projecting axe-head that was carried before an ancient Roman magistrate by an attendant as a symbol of authority and power. The name of Mussolini's group of revolutionaries was soon used for similar nationalistic movements in other countries that sought to gain power through violence and ruthlessness, such as National Socialism.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fascism — is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology. [Heater, Derek Benjamin. 1967. Political Ideas in the Modern World. University of Michagan. Pp 41 42. [http://books.google.com/books?id=v4gFAAAAMAAJ q=fascism+%22totalitarian+nationalism%22… …   Wikipedia

  • fascism — FASCÍSM s.n. Ideologie apărută în Europa după primul război mondial, care a stat la baza unor partide de extremă dreaptă, caracterizându se prin naţionalism extremist, misticism, violenţă, demagogie socială etc.; regim politic instaurat pe baza… …   Dicționar Român

  • fascism — 1922, originally used in English 1920 in its Italian form (see FASCIST (Cf. fascist)). Applied to similar groups in Germany from 1923; applied to everyone since the rise of the Internet. A form of political behavior marked by obsessive… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fascism — fasc ism (f[a^]sh [i^]z m) n. 1. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; opposed to {democracy} and {liberalism}. [WordNet 1.5] 2. an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fascism — fascism, fascist When Fowler wrote in 1926, Mussolini had not long been established in power, and the future of these words, and their Italian counterparts fascismo and fascista, was uncertain. Fowler suspended judgement on their anglicization… …   Modern English usage

  • fascism — [n] political system of dictatorship absolutism, authoritarianism, autocracy, bureaucracy, despotism, Nazism, one party system, party government, racism, regimentation, totalitarianism; concepts 299,301,689 Ant. democracy …   New thesaurus

  • fascism — ► NOUN 1) an authoritarian and nationalistic right wing system of government. 2) extreme right wing, authoritarian, or intolerant views or practice. DERIVATIVES fascist noun & adjective fascistic adjective. ORIGIN Italian fascismo, from fascio… …   English terms dictionary

  • fascism — [fash′iz΄əm] n. [It fascismo < fascio, political group < L fascis: see FASCES] 1. [F ] the doctrines, methods, or movement of the Fascisti 2. [sometimes F ] a system of government characterized by rigid one party dictatorship, forcible… …   English World dictionary

  • fascism — /fash iz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often… …   Universalium

  • fascism —    by John Protevi   In Anti Oedipus, the pole of paranoid desire is opposed to schizophrenic or revolutionary desire. Perhaps we owe the impression that a major focus of Anti Oedipus is fascism to Michel Foucault s preface to the English… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • fascism —    by John Protevi   In Anti Oedipus, the pole of paranoid desire is opposed to schizophrenic or revolutionary desire. Perhaps we owe the impression that a major focus of Anti Oedipus is fascism to Michel Foucault s preface to the English… …   The Deleuze dictionary

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